Currencies of the World

Tykr serves countries all over the world. We do our best to show stocks in a country’s native currency along with the conversion to US Dollars.

Based on Wikipedia, here are a list of circulating currencies.

Below is a list of popular currencies along with helpful information and facts on each.

US Dollar
Symbol: $
Created: 1792
Number of countries that use it: 14
Background: When the U.S. Constitution was ratified, Congress passed the “Mint Act” of April 2, 1792, which established the coinage system of the United States and the dollar as the principal unit of currency. Today, more than 61% of all foreign bank reserves are denominated in U.S. dollars, and nearly 40% of the world’s debt is in dollars.

Symbol: €
Created: 1999
Number of countries that use it: 26
Background: It was introduced as a noncash monetary unit in 1999, and currency notes and coins appeared in participating countries on January 1, 2002. After February 28, 2002, the euro became the sole currency of 12 EU member states, and their national currencies ceased to be legal tender. Other states subsequently adopted the currency.

Pound Sterling
Symbol: £
Created: 1489
Number of countries that use it: 5
Background: The pound coin first appeared in 1489, during the rule of Henry VII. Pound notes started to circulate in England in 1694, shortly after the establishment of the Bank of England, and the notes were originally handwritten. The pound worked in its complex scheme of pennies and shillings until 1971, when the decimal system was introduced.

Penny Sterling
Symbol: p
ISO Code: GBX (or GBp)
Created: 600 (Yes, the year 600)
Number of countries that use it: 5
Background: Throughout the period of the Kingdom of England, from its beginnings in the 9th century, the penny was produced in silver. Pennies of the same nominal value, 1/240 of a pound sterling, were in circulation continuously until the creation of the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1707. Today, pennies are 1/100 of a pound sterling.

Chinese Yuan
Symbol: ¥ or 元
Created: 1948
Number of countries that use it: 1
Background: The renminbi (abbreviated RMB) ‘people’s currency’ is the official currency of the People’s Republic of China and one of the world’s reserve currencies, ranking as the eighth most traded currency in the world as of April 2019.

Hong Kong Dollar
Symbol: $
Created: 1860
Number of countries that use it: 1
Background: As Hong Kong was a British colony from 1841 to 1941 (and British overseas territory from 1941 to 1997), the United Kingdom tried to implement a system based on the pound. The plan did not work as the people of Hong Kong were reluctant to use it. Consequently, in 1860 the Hong Kong Mint was established and the Hong Kong dollar was first created.

Japanese Yen
Symbol: ¥ or 円
Created: 1871
Number of countries that use it: 1
Background: The Japanese Yen was officially adopted by the Meiji government on May 10, 1871. The new currency was gradually introduced from July of that year. The Tokugawa Japanese Yen currency replaced a complex monetary system of the Edo period based on the mon.

Indian Rupee
Symbol: ₹
Created: 1940
Number of countries that use it: 1
Background: WWII led to Quaternary Silver Alloy replacing the regular rupee. The coins produced in 1940 were substituted in 1947 by pure nickel coins. India gained its independence on August 15, 1947. However, the prevailing currency remained frozen until January 26, 1950, when the country adopted its own constitution. In 1957, India introduced a decimal currency scheme where 100 paisa formed 1 rupee.

Canadian Dollar
Symbol: $
Created: 1867
Number of countries that use it: 1
Background: Wampum and beaver pelts were considered currency. During the period of French colonization, coins were introduced, as well as one of the first examples of paper currency by a western government. During the period of British colonization, additional coinage was introduced, as well as banknotes. The Canadian colonies gradually moved away from the British pound and adopted currencies linked to the United States dollar. With Confederation in 1867, the Canadian dollar was established. By the mid-20th century, the Bank of Canada was the sole issuer of paper currency, and banks ceased to issue banknotes.